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Why Africa is underdeveloped – Peter Obi


Peter Obi

Former vice-presidential candidate Peter Obi has given reasons for continued retrogression and under-development of the African continent.

Obi disclosed that low volume of export trade in the African region, general lack of policies implementation, excessive urge to consume rather than produce, corruption and leadership failure seems to be reason.

He noted that if the African Trade Agreement were properly implemented, the continent would reap great fruits of development.

Obi made this known during the 2nd international conference of banking and finance, held at the Faculty of Business Administration, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus on Tuesday.

Speaking on

“Trade, AfCFTA and African Development,” Obi explained that trade has been a critical driver of economic development since the beginning of time.

He said:

“Trade is the driving force behind China’s Silk Road and Belt & Road Initiative (BRI). Trade is the reason that Singapore, a country with no natural resources and a population of less than 6 million people has the best Human Capital Index (HCI) ranking (88%) in the World.”

“Trade is the reason that a war ravaged country like Vietnam is now an export powerhouse in South East Asia. These strides were not accidental but were shaped by visionary leadership and deliberate policies.”

“Sustainable Economic Development can directly be linked to trade especially where there are significant integrations in the forward value chain e.g. China (Manufactures Goods), South Korea and Japan (Consumer Electronics and Automobiles), Brazil & Chile (Commodities), The Gulf States (Petroleum Products), The Netherlands (Agriculture), the United States (Semi-Conductors and Space Technology), etc.”

“Trade-in Invisible goods and services is also a driver of sustainable economic development e.g. Dubai (Tourism & Hospitality), India (Business Process Outsourcing and Bollywood), Singapore (Financial Services & Transhipment Services) and the United States (Hollywood & Music).”

Obi regretted that one of the reasons Africa is grossly underdeveloped is because the volume of export trade is very low owing to the high level of unproductivity that pervades the continent.

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He noted that other developed continents have a high volume of regional trade, which boosts their economy and fosters national development.

He said:

“That is why the African Continental Free Trade Agreement was set up, to open up Africa and encourage African countries to trade among themselves.

“Boosting regional trade in Africa will bring about a lot of creativity, innovation and economic growth.

“Out of the entire universe of trade that happens within Africa, only about 15 per cent is intracontinental.

“In Europe, that number is 59 per cent and in Asia, it’s 51 per cent.

“AfCFTA would significantly boost African trade, particularly intraregional trade in manufacturing.