The Federal Ministry of Health says the country has made a great stride in the fight against Tuberculosis after it treated over one million infected Nigerians from 2011 till date.
The Minister of Health, Dr Osagie Ehanire, said this at a news conference to commemorate the World Tuberculosis Day, on Thursday in Abuja.
Ehanire said that the country’s annual TB notification had steadily increased from 100,433 in 2016 to more than 207,000 TB cases in 2021 – the highest-ever notification and a 45 per cent increase from 2020 notification.
He noted that with this array of interventions, the country had no doubt recorded steady improvements in its TB control efforts.
Ehanire stressed that considering the high burden of TB in the country there was still a significant gap between the estimated and notified cases.
He said only about 207,000 TB cases representing only 45 per cent of the estimated cases were notified in 2021.
“A key challenge to our control effort has been low notification of child TB cases mainly due to capacity gaps among healthcare workers in diagnosing TB in childhood.
“Although we notified our highest number of child TB cases of 12,977 in 2021, the child TB proportion amongst the overall TB notification for the same year was six per cent, far lower than the WHO benchmark of 12 per cent.
“This implies a high proportion of missing child TB cases in Nigeria.
“Similarly, our DR-TB response has equally not yielded the desired results.
“Barely 2,975 or 14 per cent of the estimated 21,000 DR-TB cases were notified in 2021,” he said
Another disturbing trend, the minister noted was the low enrollment rate of diagnosed DR-TB patients on treatment.
“Only 2,197 or 74 per cent of diagnosed DR-TB patients were enrolled on treatment in 2021. This is not encouraging as it is a far cry from our target of 100 percent enrollment for diagnosed DR-TB patients.
These untreated DR-TB patients constitute a time bomb as they continuously spread DR-TB in our communities,” he explained.
He noted that the TB preventive treatment (TPT) was also another concerning aspect of the country’s TB response.
“In 2021, Nigeria achieved only seven per cent of its target for TPT amongst under-five and above-five years’ contacts of bacteriologically confirmed TB patients.
“In responding to these challenges, the Government of Nigeria has rejigged its TB response in line with the commitment made by President Muhammadu Buhari to END TB at the first-ever United Nations High-level Meeting (UNHLM) on TB in New York, U.S. in September, 2018.
“In line with the commitment, we developed and currently implementing a road map for translating the commitments into action.
“As earlier highlighted, these efforts are gradually yielding the desired results as we were able to achieve 48 per cent of our UNHLM TB case finding target for 2021.
“Let me inform you that despite the COVID-19 pandemic, Nigeria was commended for being among few countries with increased TB notification rather than a drop in 2020,” he narrated.
World TB Day is marked on March 24, every year to raise public awareness about the health, social and economic consequences of tuberculosis, and to step up efforts to end the global epidemic.
The theme of World TB Day 2022 is ‘Invest to End TB. Save Lives’ and Nigeria’s localised slogan is ‘Give more, Do more, End TB now.’