International Labour Organisation on Tuesday said myths and misconceptions about HIV and AIDS continued to fuel stigma and discrimination in the workplace.
Despite some improvement in people’s tolerance to the disease in the more than 40 years since the AIDS epidemic began, a survey of 55,000 people in 50 countries found that only one in two people knew that HIV cannot be transmitted by sharing a bathroom.
“It is shocking that 40 years into the HIV and AIDS epidemic, myths and misconceptions are still so widespread,” Chidi King, head of ILO’s Gender, Equality, Diversity and Inclusion Branch, told journalists in Geneva.
“A lack of basic facts about how HIV is transmitted is fuelling stigma and discrimination. This survey is a wake-up call to reinvigorate HIV prevention and education programmes; the world of work has a key role to play.”
King emphasised that stigma and discrimination in the workplace marginalised people, pushing those with HIV into poverty.
Working with opinion poll company Gallup, the ILO Global HIV Discrimination in the World of Work Survey reveals that discriminatory attitudes were fuelled by a lack of knowledge about HIV transmission.
At the end of 2020, approximately 38 million people globally were living with HIV, with 1.5 million newly infected that year, and approximately 680,000 people dying from AIDS-related illnesses, according to the survey.
Despite progress made on combating stigma, the coronavirus pandemic has exacerbated the situation.
“The COVID-19 pandemic has certainly pushed back some of the efforts, some of the progress that had been made towards eradicating HIV, and there is an even more urgent need now to double those efforts,” King said.
“In terms of the impact on people affected by HIV, not only people living with HIV but people who may be looking after somebody with HIV…
“Care burdens have increased during the pandemic due to the non-availability of certain services, therefore seeing a disproportionate impact in relation to women in particular, and in some instances, girls as well,” she said.
The survey noted that the lowest tolerance for working directly with people with HIV was found in Asia and the Pacific, followed by the Middle East and North Africa.
The regions with the most positive attitudes were Eastern and Southern Africa, where almost 90 per cent of respondents said they would be comfortable working directly with people with HIV.
Higher educational levels were also associated with positive attitudes towards working with those living with HIV.
The report also offered a number of recommendations, including implementation of HIV programmes to increase awareness of modes of transmission and to improve the legal and policy environment around HIV to protect rights of workers.
“Workers and employers certainly have a role to play. Social dialogue is a key mechanism through which they can craft policies and materials and products in order to raise awareness, ensuring that recruitment policies do not discriminate against people with HIV/AIDS. Governments also have a role to play in terms of broader engagement.”
Confronting inequalities and ending discrimination are critical to ending AIDS, the report said, particularly during the ongoing COVID pandemic.